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九年级英语复习ppt

九年级英语复习ppt免费下载是由PPT宝藏(www.pptbz.com)会员饕餮少女上传推荐的英语课件PPT, 更新时间为2018-03-31,素材编号283731。

这是九年级英语复习ppt,包括:读单词,读课本,词组,句型,知识点,后接adj.的,afraid 的用法等等内容,欢迎点击下载。

 Unit 1
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
  1.work with friends
  2.make flashcards
  3.make vocabulary lists
  4.ask sb. for help
  5.study for a test
  6.read aloud
  7.in that way
  8.speaking skills
  9.the best way to do sth.
和朋友们一起学习
制作抽认卡
制作词汇表
向某人寻求帮助
为考试而学习
大声读
用那种方式
口语技巧
做某事的最好方法
10.具体的建议
11.比如
12.玩得开心
13.一点也不
14.感到兴奋
15.结束
16.学习英语的方法
17.做调查
18.看英语电视节目
19.记英语笔记
20.犯错误
21.知道怎么做某事
22. 使发音准确
23.许多,大量
24.进行大量的写作练习
25.first of all
26.to begin with
27.practice speaking English
28.later on
29.laugh at
30.make sentences
31.be afraid to
32.a secret of doing sth.
33.take notes
34.have trouble doing sth.
35.write down
36.look up
37.make up conversations
38.around the world
首先
开始
练习讲英语
后来,随后
嘲笑
造句子
害怕
做某事秘诀
记笔记
做某事困难
写下
查阅
编对话
全世界
讲母语者
英语的重要
作为第二语言
谈论
看英语杂志
参加英语俱乐部
笔友
获奖
和某人讲话
的意思
学习工具
确保
对付,处理
担心
路过,推移
54.regard  …as…
55.change … into…
56.young  adults
57.try  one’s  best
58.with  the help of
59.think  of
60.think about
61.break  off
62.compare… to…
63.talk to sb.
把…当做…
把…变成…
年轻人
尽力
在…的帮助下
想起
考虑,思考
中断
比较
对某人讲
2.常接V.ing的
❶完成实践值得忙(finish ,practice, be worth , be busy)
❷继续习惯别放弃(keep, be used to , give up )
❸考虑建议不禁想(consider, suggest , advise, can’t help , feel like )
❹喜欢思念要介意(enjoy , miss , mind )
3.易错形式
4.ed /ing
excited   感到兴奋的        exciting   令人兴奋的
bored     感到无聊的        boring   无聊的
interested   感兴趣的       interesting  有趣的
amazed  感到惊奇的        amazing  令人惊异的
surprised  感到吃惊的      surprising   令人吃惊的
disappointed 感到失望的 disappointing令人失望的
frightened 感到恐惧的      frightening  令人恐惧的
frustrated  感到沮丧的      frustrating 令人沮丧的
embarrassed 感到尴尬的embarrassing 令人尴尬的
5.do with / deal with 对付,处理
e.g.  I don’t know how to deal with the problem.
      = I don’t know what to do with the problem.
6. 后接adj.的
❶感官动词:   look 看起来          smell 闻起来
        feel 感觉起来   taste 尝起来    sound 听起来
❷变得: turn  ,  become  , grow ,  get  ,  go
❸保持: stay ,   keep   ,  remain
7. afraid 的用法
❶ be afraid to do sth.     害怕做某事
❷ be afraid of doing sth.  害怕做某事
      be afraid of sb. / sth.  害怕某人/某物
❸ be afraid that +从句
         e.g. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes.
              = Don’t be afraid of making mistakes.
 = be terrified of
8. get sth. done = have sth. done  使…被做,让别人做某事
e.g.  Can you get the chair repaired ?
          = Can you have the chair repaired ?
9. find 的用法
❶find + 宾语 + 宾补(名/形/副/ed./ing…
❷find + that 从句
❸find oneself + adj.
          e.g. He found that it’s easy to learn English.
              = He found it easy to learn English.
   He awoke one morning and found himself famous.
   I’m so glad to find you in.
   You’ll always find the old man taking a walk in the park.
retell the reading
               How do we deal with our problems ?
    富有的或贫穷的,年轻的或年老的,我们都有难题。And unless we deal with our problems ,we can easily become unhappy. 担忧我们的问题能影响how we do at school. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. 因此我们如何处理我们的问题呢?有许多方法。
                       By learning to forget
我们大多数have probably been angry with 我们的朋友,父母或老师们.
Perhaps they said something you didn’t like ,or you felt they were unfair.
     有时,people can stay angry for years about a small problem. 随着时间推移,and good friendships may be lost. 当我们生气的时候,然而,we are usually the ones affected. 也许we have seen young children playing together. Sometimes they have disagreements and 决定相互不再说话。
但是,这通常does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us. 我们能解决一个问题通过学习遗忘。
By regarding problems as challenges
 很多学生常常抱怨学校。他们可能觉得他们有太多的作业要做,or think the rules are too strict.We must learn how to change these “problems” into “challenges” . Education is an important part of our development . As young adults , it is our duty to 尽我们最大努力to deal with 每个挑战in our education with the help of our teachers.
By thinking of something worse
 By comparing yourself to other people, 你将会发现你的问题are not so terrible. Think about Stephen Hawking , for example , 一个非常聪明的科学家,who regards his many physical problems as unimportant他不能走或者甚至说话,但是他变得非常出名和成功。我们可能相当的健康和聪明。let’s not worry about our problems . 让我们面对挑战instead.
Unit 2
过去常常
直发/卷发
第一次
弹钢琴
踢足球
对…感兴趣
在游泳队
害怕
9.乘飞机
10.在前面
11.对…恐惧
12.开着灯睡觉
13.画画
14.一直
15.嚼口香糖
16.整天
17.不再
18.和聊天
19.看漫画书
20.几乎不
21.努力学习
22.支付,付款
23.最后
24.放弃
25.做决定
26.寄宿学校
27.即使
28.对感到自豪
29.注意,留心
30.改变主意
31.in the last/past few years                         
32.make …stressed out
33.get bad grades
34.cause trouble
35.cause problems for sb.
36.to one’s surprise
37.wait a minute
38.gym class
39.make sb. do sth.
40.afford to do sth.
41.can’t afford to do sth.
Step 5.    知识点
1. 辨析before / ago    …之前
(1)ago 不能单独使用 ,“一段时间+ ago”,表示从过去某时刻算起的若干时间以前,常与过去时连用。       e.g. She was a teacher  3 years ago.
(2)before
 ❶“一段时间+ before”,表示从过去某时起若干时间之前,与过去完成时连用。
              e.g. She had been a teacher 3 years before.
 ❷可作介词,后接某时刻
                e.g. She get home before 6 o’clock.
 ❸可作连词,引导时间状语从句
              e.g. He went shopping before going home.
                  = He went shopping before he went home.
2.辨析die / dead / death/ dying
die of     因…而死(内部原因hunger /old/illness)
   die from 因…而死(外部原因accident/wound)
3. ❶ unless = if …not
           e.g. You will be late unless you hurry up.
               = You will be late if you don’t hurry up.
   ❷ with the help of sb.  = with one’s help
    ❸ be on… = be a member of
             e.g. I’m on the swim team.
                = I’m a member of the team.
 ❹ try one’s best to do sth. = do one’s best to do sth.
 ❺ affect = have an influence on sb. /sth.
Step 6. 语法点     used to 的用法     过去常常
            ❶ 肯定句 used to
                     e.g. He used to play basketball .
            ❷ 否定句 didn’t use to / used not to
                     e.g. He didn’t use to play basketball.
                          = He used not to play basketball.
            ❸ 疑问句 Did sb. use to…? / Used sb. to …?
                    e.g. Did he use to play basketball ?
            ❹ 反义疑问句  , didn’t / usedn’t
                   e.g. He used to play basketball ,didn’t he ?
❶ used to do sth.  过去常常做某事
    ❷ be used to do sth.  被用来做某事
          = be used for doing sth.
                    e.g.  Fire can be used to cook food.
                        = Fire can be used for cooking food.
    ❸ be / get  used to doing sth.  习惯做某事
      e.g. He is used to going for a walk after dinner.
练习:
 1. He _____ computer games , but now he gives them up and concentrates study .
   A. is used to playing           B. is used to play
   C. used to play                    D. is used for playing
2. She_____ shy ,but now he is quite outgoing.
   A. is used to      B. was used to      C. used to be
3.  _______study in No.4 Middle School ?
   A. Did you uesd to                   B. Did you use to
   C. Do you used to                    D. Do you use to
Retell  the  reading
        He used to cause a lot of trouble.
     Martin Murray 是一个十五岁的男孩。He used to be a “problem child”, but a recent conversation with his mother changed his life. He didn’t use to give his mother many problems. 然而,after his father’s death a few years ago , Martin’s 生活变的更困难。他的妈妈couldn’t afford to pay for her child’s education. To do this ,她不得不工作,and so was often not at home.
His mother looked after him as well as she could. Unfortunately, Martin still caused problems for himself and his family . 他对学习不感兴趣and he often got into trouble with the police. 幸运的是,他的妈妈非常有耐心的,and didn’t give up trying to help him. 最后,她做了一个艰难的决定:to send him to a boys’ boarding school. Martin 讨厌它并且过去常常制造很多的麻烦。有一天,他告诉他的老师他想要离开这学校。甚至the teacher agreed that Martin was wasting his time.
The head teacher said it was necessary for Martin to talk with his mother. Martin 打电话给他的妈妈,to his surprise ,这电话改变了他的生活。
“It was exactly what I needed ,”he said .我的妈妈帮助我懂得how much she had given me . 她也告诉我even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do . That’s when I decided to change.我意识到since my father died , I have been afraid of being alone ,and have tried to make my mother pay more attention to me.
Now Martin has really changed. 他一直努力学习,and他现在是他班里最好的学生之一。How was he able to change ? His mother’s love helped him to feel good about himself and as Martin himself says , “ It’s very important for parents to be there with their children.”
Unit 3
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
   1.be allowed to do sth.
   2.old people’s house
   3.sixteen-year-olds
   4.have part-time job
   5.get one’s ears pierced
   6.driver’s license
   7.serious enough
8.理发
9.停止做某事
10.在周末
11.需要做某事
12.代替 ,而不是
13.在那个年龄
14.去看电影
15.在晚上10点前
16.呆在家
17.熬夜
18.打扫,清除
19.达到
20.对…严格
21.on school nights
22.take  a / the test
23.pass a / the test
24.fail a / the test
25.the other day
26.concentrate on
27.design our own uniforms
28.learn from…
29.each other
30.at present
31.have an opportunity to do
32.a good experience
33.校规
34.遵守规定
35.至少
36.小学
37.每周一次
38.和…一样
39.一名专业运动员
40.考虑
41.似乎做某事
42.想要做某事
43.关心,在意
44.one’s own …
45.a real mess
46.perform a play
47. eight hours’ sleep
48.have …off
49.reply to = answer
50.agree with
51.make one’s own decision
52.get in the way of
53.achieve one’s dream
54.now that
55.be serious about
Step 4.句型
  1.Do you think students should be allowed to do homework with friends ?
    I disagree . They talk instead of doing homework.
 2. Do you think sixteen-year-olds should not be allowed to drive ?
     I agree .They aren’t serious enough at that age.
     Yes , I do .
     No , I don’t.
Step 5.    知识点
   1、allow的用法
  ❶allow sb. to do sth.   允许某人做某事
             e.g. I allow you to chew gum.
  ❷be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事       
  ❸should be allowed to do sth. 应该被允许做某事
    shouldn’t be allowed to do sth. 不应该被允许做某事
   ❹allow doing sth. 允许做某事
             e.g. We don’t allow smoking in public.
2.  Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive.
   sixteen – year –olds    n.    16岁的人
   sixteen - year –old      adj.   16岁的
sixteen-year-olds
  =sixteen-year-old teenagers
  =sixteen-year-old boys and girls
3. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.
    get  sth . done  = have sth. done
             使某事被做
e.g.  She got her car repaired.
                  He got his hair cut.
4. I don’t think you are right.
    满足否定提前的基本条件:
  ❶句子是一个含有宾语从句的复合句。
  ❷句子的谓语动词是:think ,believe ,suppose等
  ❸主句的主语是第一人称:I / we
e.g. I don’t think you are right , _____ ______?
         He doesn’t think you are right ,______ _____?
5. --We have a lot of rules at my house.
    -- So do we.
V.        be , 情态动词,助动词(do/does /did /have /had /will )
   Neither +v. +主语  (也不)Me neither.
练习:
  1. She is a teacher.
     我也一样。______________
     她的确是。______________
 2. She can drive.
      我也一样。_____________
       她的确会。_____________
 3. She has finished her homework.
      我也一样。____________
      她确实是。_____________
4. –It’s hot today , isn’t it.
    - Yes ,_______ yesterday.
   A. So it is.   B. So is it .    C. So was it .  D. So it was.
6. be strict with sb.  对某人要求严格
    be strict in sth.   对某事要求严格
e.g. My parents are very strict with me.
              You should be strict in your study.
7.辨析achieve / come true
  achieve           主语是人
  come true        主语是物
e.g. He achieved his dream at last.
            His dream came true at last.
8. only引导的倒装句
 ❶only + 状语(时间,地点等)+谓+主
     e.g. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream.
       Only in this way can you learn English well.
       Only at that time did I realize that I was wrong.
 ❷only + 主语 + 谓语
        e.g. Only five men were hurt in the accident.
      Only the teachers are allowed to use this room.
Retell  the  reading
 Should I be allowed to make my own decision?
      很多青少年有爱好。But sometimes these hobbies can get in the way of schoolwork,而且父母们可能会担心他们的孩子在学校的成功。青少年常常认为他们应该被允许practice their hobbies as much as they want. 你同意吗?
Liu Yu, a fifteen-year-old boy from Shandong , is a running star. 他是在校赛跑队的而且一直想成为一名职业运动员. 然而,his parents won’t allow him to train as much as he would like to . “当然we want to see Liu Yu 实现他的梦想 ,”says Mr. Liu , “and we know how much he loves running. 那很好, and my wife and I have watched him in every one of his races. We have nothing against running! But we do think that our son needs to be realistic .既然he is getting older ,他需要考虑what will happen if he doesn’t become a professional runner in the end .”
Liu Yu doesn’t really agree . “Well , 我认为我应该被允许我自己做决定。”he says . “My parents have always taught me the importance of working hard and not just to do what I enjoy. 我明白这点。But I’m serious about running. 成为一名职业赛跑员is the only thing I have ever wanted to do.
       Mr. and Mrs. Liu believe that Liu Yu应该在晚上努力学习,and so they don’t allow him to practice running on school nights . “I know this might seem strict ,” says Mrs. Liu “但是我们认为我们正在做正确的事情。He has to understand that very few people can become professional athletes.
It’s a very difficult dream to achieve .我们不允许他每天练习因为我们认为他需要花时间在他的作业上。
     But Liu Yu still doesn’t agree. “ I know my parents care about me .”he says , “But they are always talking about what will happen if I don’t succeed . 但是我会成功!I think I should be allowed to make this decision for myself . Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream.”
Unit 4
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
 1.a million dollars
 2.give …to charity
 3.put in
 4.medical research
 5.be late for…
 6.get pimples
 7.everyone else
8.分享
9.让某人做某事
10.感冒
11.下次
12.开始做某事
13.等某人
14.把…介绍给…
15.与…相处
16.参加聚会
17.立刻,马上
18.对…友好
19.英语演讲比赛
20.事实上
21.in public
22.give a speech
23.the whole school
24.social situations
25.not …in the slightest
26.plenty of
27.fairly confident
28.the company of…
29.one or two
30.would rather…than
31.a small circle of…
32.come top
33.give sb. advice on
34.have experience in doing
35.让某人失望
36.想起
37.把…视为
38.其余的
39.从…出去
40.面临,面对
41.对付,处理
42.出来,出版
43.偶然的
44.一块干净的布
45.看医生
46.拒绝做某事
47.get nervous
48.a first-aid book
49.in different situations
50.cover… with…
51.a deep cut
52.get the medical help
53.under cold running water
54.injure one’s knee
55.offer sb. sth./offer sth. to sb.
56.hide…from
57.what if
58.without permission
Step 4.句型
   1. What would you do if you had a million dollars?
            I’d give it to charity.
   2. If I were you , I’d wear a shirt and tie.
   3. If I were you , I’d take a small present.
虚拟语气
  定义:表示说话人的愿望,假设,猜测或
              建议,不是表示客观存在的事实或
              是不可能发生的。
构成:
❶与现在事实相反
e.g. If I were a boy , I would kill you.
❷与过去事实相反
e.g. If I had seen you yesterday , I would have told you.
❸与将来事实相反
e.g. If it were Sunday tomorrow, we wouldn’t have an exam.
补充句型:
 ❶What would you do if+ 过去式 …?
        e.g. What would you do if you had a million dollars?
        What would you do if you were late for school?
  ❷ wish + 从句+ 虚拟语气
   I wish  that    I were a bird .
                           I hadn’t lost my book.
                           I knew the answer.
练习:
1. If I _____ your book , I’ll give it to you.
     A. will find                       B. have found
     C. found                          D. find
2. If I found your book , I _____ give it to you.
     A. will                               B. had
     C. /                                   D. would
3. If he _____ the exam , he would fail it.
     A. would take                   B. took
     C. will take                        D. takes
4. If I _____ a bird , I _____fly freely in the sky .
    A. am , should                   B. was , will
    C. were , will                      D. were , would
5. I don’t know if it _____ tomorrow . If it ______, I will stay at home.
    A. will rain , rains               B. rains , will rain
    C. will rain , will rain           D. rain , rains
6. If I ____ hard, I would have surely succeeded.
   A. had worked     B. worked   C. working  D. work
7. What _____ you do if you ____a million dollars ?
   A. will , won                         B. would , win
   C. would , won                     D. will , win
Unit5
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
    1.her favorite author
    2.at the picnic
    3.classical music
    4.belong to
    5.might / could be
    6.can’t be
    7.go to the concert
    8.much too
9.因为
10.赶公汽
11.报警
12.隔壁邻居
13.试卷的海洋
14.用光
15.当心
16.期末考试
17.从…逃出
18.感谢信
19.追捕,追赶
20.形成,组成,编造
21.the opposite of
22.have a picnic
23.wear glasses
24.ride a horse
25.hair band
26. at a crucial moment
27. be anxious about / for sth./ sb.
28. be anxious  to do sth.
29. attempt to do sth.
30. have some/ any idea
Step 4.句型
  1. Whose notebook is this ?
         It must be Ming’s. It has her name on it.
  2. Whose French book is this ?
         It could be Carol’s. She studies French.
  3. Whose guitar is this ?
         It might belong to Alice. She plays the guitar.
  4. Whose T-shirt is this ?
        It can’t be John’s. It’s much too small for him.
Step 5.    知识点
                   ❶to do sth. 假装做某事    
                              He pretended to be busy..
                   ❷not to do sth. 假装不做某事
                                He pretends not to know me.
pretend      ❸to be doing sth. 假装正在做某事
                            He pretends to be listening to me.
                   ❹to have done sth. 假装已经做某事
                            He pretends to have read books.
                   ❺that +从句       
                               He pretended that he was busy.
2. different kinds of music
classical music       古典音乐
  pop music               流行音乐
  light music              轻音乐
  folk music               民间音乐
  country music        乡村音乐
  foreign music         外国音乐
  jazz                         爵士乐
  rock music             摇滚乐
  rap                          说唱乐
3. 四大洋的英语表达
    the Pacific   (Ocean)            太平洋
   the Atlantic (Ocean)            大西洋
   the Indian   (Ocean)             印度洋
   the Arctic    (Ocean)            北冰洋
Step 6. 语法点  情态动词(Modal Verb)
1. 定义:表示说话人的感情或语气
      2. 特点:❶没有人称和数的变化
                           ❷后面接动词原形
                        ❸不能单独作谓语,只能和其他
                            动词一起构成谓语
3. 种类
       can                  can’t    不能,不可能
       could               couldn’t
       may                  may not
       might                might not
       must                 mustn’t    禁止,不准
       should               shouldn’t
       shall                   shall  not
       need                   needn’t   不必
       would                  wouldn’t
       have  to        
       ought to
       dare
4. 用法
    ❶表请求,许可,建议
                   e.g.  Can I help you ?
                            May I help you ?
                            Might I help you ?
     ❷表推测
    must      一定   (可能性最大)
    may        也许
    might    
    can                    can’t  (不可能)
    could  
                can>could>may>might
5. 常考回答
  ❶may疑问句的否定回答,一般用No, …mustn’t / can’t .
  ❷must的否定回答一般用No, …needn’t / not have to .
     练习:-May I smoke here ?
                  - No , __________.
      -Must I finish my homework tonight ?
      - No, __________.
6. 补充
   ❶情态动词+ do sth.  表示对现在事情的推测
                   e.g. He must finish his homework.
    ❷情态动词+be doing sth.  表对正在发生的事情的推测
                   e.g. He must be doing his homework.
    ❸情态动词+have done sth. 表对过去或已完成的事情的推测
                 e.g. He must have finished his homework.
练习:
1. - Susan has bought a large house with a swimming pool.
   - It ______ be very expensive . I never even dream about it.
     A. might    B. must     C. can’t        D. shouldn’t
2. – Who’s that boy reading in the garden ? Is it David ?
    -It _____ be David .I saw him in the classroom just now.
    A. must     B. can’t      C. mustn’t     D. shouldn’t
3. Tony _____go to the movie on Saturday because he is going to have a meeting.
    A. can’t       B. might        C. mustn’t     D. should
4. –Is Mr. Brown driving here ?
     - I’m not sure. He ____ come by train.
   A. may         B. shall        C. need         D. must
5.Tom ,you_____ play with the knife . You____hurt yourself.
  A. won’t  , can’t                           B. mustn’t , may
  C. shouldn’t ,must                      D. can’t ,shouldn’t
Unit 9
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
  1.along with/together with
  2.different kinds of music
  3.dance to
  4.one’s own song
  5.over the years
  6.English course
  7.in laboratory testing
  8.burnt barbecued meat
9.使…想起
10.展览
11.更喜欢
12.流行音乐
13.去度假
14.在热天
15.很合某人的意
16.印度电影节
17.甜食
18.相聚在一起
19.保持健康
20.老实说
21.对…有害
22.远离…
23.同意
24..…风险
25.即使
26.平衡饮食
27.对…感到震惊
28.黄河
29.演奏音乐
30.沉船
31.错过做某事
32. be important to sb.
33. It’s  important for sb. to do.
34. be sure to do
35. take … to …
Step 4.句型
  1. What kind of music do you like ?
        I like music that I can sing along with.
  2. I love singers who write their own music.
  3. We prefer music that has great lyrics.
Step 5.    知识点
  1. suggest 的用法
    (1) 显示 ,间接表明, 暗示 
                     e.g. His tone suggested his anger.
    ( 2) 建议
          ❶ suggest doing sth.   建议做某事
                    e.g. She suggests going shopping tomorrow.
                           He  suggested having lunch at home.
          ❷ suggest that + 从句  , 从句谓语要用should + 动词原形,可以省略should
                  e.g. The teacher suggest he (should ) go home.   
   注:不能用suggest sb. to do sth. 表示建议某人做某事,可以用advise sb. to do sth.
               e.g. He suggested you to go swimming. ×
                       He advised you to go swiming. ∨
2. interest 
① v. 引起…关注 ,使…感兴趣  
     interest sb. ( in sth. )
          e.g.   The movie doesn’t interest me .
                   That book may interest you.
② n. 兴趣 
 take an interest in (doing )  sth.  = be interested in sth.
            e.g. He takes an interest in (playing ) soccer.  
                = He is interested in playing soccer.
       a place of interest  名胜古迹
③ interested         interesting  
                e.g. I’m interested in that interesting book.
3.  prefer  更喜爱 ,更喜欢
❶prefer sth. = like sth. better  
                   e.g. I prefer pop music.= I like pop music better.
              ❷prefer sth. to sth.  比起… 更喜欢 
                             e.g. I prefer pop music to rock music.
prefer    ❸prefer to do sth.  更喜欢做某事 
                             e.g. I prefer to listen to pop music.
              ❹prefer doing … to doing   比起做… 更喜欢做…
                             e.g. She prefers swimming to shopping.
              ❺prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.
               = would rather do sth. than do sth.
                    宁愿做某事而不愿做某事
                       e.g. He prefers to write rather than read.
                           = He would rather write than read.
4. 辨析 suit / fit / match
5.  whatever = no matter what 
       不管什么 ,无论什么 ,任何
            e.g. Whatever you do , do your best.
                  Whatever you say , I always believe you.
whoever  = no matter who  
            e.g. Whoever you are ,you can’t get in.
whenever = no matter when
wherever = no matter where
however  = no matter how
Step 6. 语法点       定语从句  P143
1. 定义:在复合句中作定语的从句叫定语从句。
                   (相当于汉语“…的”)
例句:
The boys who are playing football are  from Class One.
Mr. Li is just the boy whom I want to see.
Football is a game which is liked by most boys.
He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.
The school that/which he once studied in is very famous.
He has a friend whose father is a doctor.
2.关系词
关系词: 引导定语从句的词叫关系词,也叫引导词。
3.先行词
先行词: 被定语从句修饰的词,总处在从句的前头,比定语从句先行一步。
e.g. I like music that I can sing along with.
关系词的作用:
    ❶引导定语从句,把主句和从句连接起来
    ❷代替先行词
    ❸在定语从句中担当一个成分
定语从句构成:先行词+ 关系词+定语从句
         I love singers who write their own music.
4. 先行词和关系词的关系
He is the man who I
met yesterday , do you
know who he is?
I prefer a sandwich that is really
delicious.
5. 定语从句的来历
练习:
1.根据句意,用正确的关系代词填空。
❶He is the man __________is ready to help others.
❷The girl ________I spoke to just now is my friend.
❸That dress___________ you brought in the city mall is made of silk.
❹Bill likes music __________he can sing along with.
❺This is the village _____________I used to live in.
❻Look at the building ______window face to north.
❼The boy ________broke the window is called Tom.
6. 特例
练习:
1.   -Do you know the man ______is talking with your father?      -Yes, he‘s our headmaster.           A. he    B.  who      C. which      D. whom
2. This is the best hotel in the city _____I know.     A. where     B. which      C. that       D. it
3. My watch is not the only thing ______ is missing.    A. that      B. it      C. which    D. who
4. The man ______coat is black is waiting at the gate    A. who‘s    B. whose    C. that    D. of which.
5. She is the girl with _______ I went there.
6. He is the last person _______ I want to see.
7. Beijing , _____ is the capital of China ,is a beautiful city.
8. I’ll never forget the day on_______ I joined the army.
7.定语从句的种类
          限制性定语从句
          非限制性定语从句
8. 区分关系代词和关系副词
1. I’ll never forget the day _____I joined the army .
2. I’ll never forget the day _____ we spent together.
3. This is the house ______ I visited.  
4. This is the house ______ I worked two years ago.
5. This is the house ___________I was born in.
6. This is the house ____________ I was born.
7.  I don’t know the reason _____he didn’t come.
10. 定语从句的主谓一致
❶关系词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。
    先行词为单数            从句的谓语动词为单数
    先行词为复数            从句的谓语动词为复数
       e.g. The girl who _____ reading under the tree is my sister.
          These boys who_____ playing football on the playground are my students.
❷one of + 复数
     the only one of + 单数
           e.g. He is the only one of the students who _____ late for school.
     He is one of the students who ______ for school.
Unit 7
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
   1.take it easy
   2.go on vacation
   3.some   day
   4.it’s best to do sth.
   5.travel spotlight
   6.consider  doing  sth.
   7.the capital of
   8.the underground train
in general
be supposed to do sth.
light clothes
in eastern China
provide sb. with sth. =provide sth. for sb.
travel to
outdoor activities
a room with a kitchen
save money
give me some suggestions
student exchange programs
Beijing Duck
in the future
22.sail across the Pacific
23.dream about/ of
24.thousands of
25.take part in
26.answers to the questions
27.finish one’s education
28.as soon as possible
29.continue studying
30.go to university/college
31.according to
32.computer programming
33.be away
34.quite a few
35.work hard
36.be willing to
37.achieve one’s dreams
38.take a trip
39.have a good education
40.get to do sth.
41.hold on to
42.come true
43.be different from
44.western teenagers
45.go somewhere warm
46.this time of year
47.come for dinner
Step 4.句型
1.  Where would you like to visit ?
         I’d like to visit Tibet.
2.  Where would you like to go on vacation?
         I’d like to go somewhere relaxing.
         I hope to go to Tibet some day.
Step 5.    知识点
1. 辨析provide / offer
 ❶  provide sb. with  sth.= provide  sth. for sb.
 ❷   offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb.
           e.g. The sun provides us with light and heat.
               = The sun provides light and heat for us.
                   He offered his help to me .
                = He offered me his help.
2.  continue  继续 ,坚持下去 
     ❶ continue doing sth. = go on doing sth.  继续做原来的事 ( 继续不停的做某事或者一件事没做完 ,停顿后继续做下去)
               e.g. He had a rest and continued working.
     ❷ continue to do sth. = go on to do sth.  继续做另件事
     e.g. After finishing Unit 6, let’s continue to learn Unit 7.
     ❸ continue with sth.  = go on with sth.
                e.g. He continues his homework after school.
3.  convenient  便利的 ,方便的    (一般不用人做主语)
    ❶ be convenient to / for sb.  对某人来说很方便
    ❷ be convenient to do sth. 做某事很方便 
               e.g. Riding a bike is convenient .
             Please come whenever it is convenient to you .
             It’s not convenient to call him now.
             It’s very convenient to take the bus to go there.
4. 辨析hope / wish
5. 辨析one day  /  some  day
6. 辨析through / across / cross
   ❶through    介词     指从空间穿过
    ❷across       介词      指从平面穿过
    ❸cross         动词 =  动词+ across
             e.g.  He went through the forest yesterday.
                      We walked across the road.
                       We crossed the road.
7. 辨析whether / if
Step 6. 语法点  
   would like 的用法
❶would like sth. 
                e.g. Would you like a cup of tea ?
                        Yes, please. / No ,thanks.
❷would like to do sth.
    = want to do sth. = feel like doing sth.
             e.g. Would you like to go shopping with me?
                       Yes , I’d love / like to.
Unit 8
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
  1. after-school care center
  2. put …to good use
  3.volunteer  to do sth.
  4.work out
  5.take after
  6.thank sb.  for  sth.
  7.be greatly appreciated
  8. set up
9.想出
10. 赶上,追上
11.无家可归的人
12.推迟做某事
13.分发
14.使…高兴起来
15.打电话
16.从今以后
17.用光,用完
18.相像
19.修理
20.张贴,搭建
21.赠送
Step 4.句型
 1. What do you like to do ?
         I’d like to help homeless people.
 2. What kind of volunteer work would you like to do ?
         I could help coach a football team for little kids.
22.闲逛
23.一名职业歌手
24.残疾人
25.被装满
26.面对挑战
27.我的一个朋友
28.轮流做某事
29.…的家
30.立刻,马上
31.帮助…解决困难
32.计划做某事
33.与…相似
34.做一个网站
Step 5.    知识点    1.辨析carry /bring/take/fetch
2. 辨析pleasure / please/ pleased/pleasant
3.  be filled with = be full of  被装满
e.g. The room was filled with smoke.
    =    ___________________________
4.  “  a  friend of mine”   我的一个朋友
     = one  of  my  friends 
 “of  +  ‘s  ”结构叫做双重所有格
练习:❶ 他是我妹妹的一位老师。
               He is a teacher of my sister's.
       ❷ 她的一位朋友去了伦敦。  
                  A friend of hers has gone to London.   
5. not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且…
1)引导以 not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。
           Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best .我不仅能做到而且做得最好。
  ⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化 也就是就近原则
      ①Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。
      ②Not only you but (also) Lily likes cat. 不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。
 常见的就近原则的结构有:
     ❶Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)
                 Neither you nor I like him. 我和你都不喜欢他。
     ❷Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)
                  Either Lily or you are a student.
     ❸Not only …but (also)…
     ❹There be
Step 6. 语法点      短语动词种类
   1. “动词+介词”构成的短语动词
              后面须接宾语,无论宾语是名词还是代词,都只能放在介词后。
  常见的这类短语动词:
 look at   看               listen to  听
 arrive at /in  达到    ask for  请求
 come from  来自      deal with 对付处理
 depend on  依靠           get over  克服,原谅
hear from 收到…来信 hear of /about 听说
laugh at  嘲笑              look after  照顾
look for  寻找               take after  相像
send for  派人去请      talk about  谈论
wait for  等待               pay for 支付
break into 闯入            call on 拜访
fill in 填写                     lead to 导致
2. “动词+副词”构成的短语动词
   ❶“及物动词+副词”
              后接宾语为代词时,代词放中间。
常见的这类短语动词有:
   cheer sb. up   使某人高兴起来      
   wake sb. up   唤醒
   hand out = give out  分发
   find out     找出,查明
   give away  赠送
fix up     修理                   cut up   切碎 
think over  考虑               pick up  捡起
put up   张贴                    turn on   开
clean up  打扫                  turn off   关                 
look up   查阅                   work out  解决
put off    推迟                    give up   放弃
put on    穿上                    take off   起飞,脱
ring up    打电话               set up    建立
see off     送行
❷ 不及物动词+副词
           后面不跟宾语。
常见的这类短语动词:
 get up  起床               go by 过去,消逝
 come out 出版           get together 相聚
 hold on 别挂电话     look out 小心
 stand up 起立            stay up 熬夜
Unit 9
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
   1.adjustable heels
   2.battery-operated slippers
   3.in the dark
   4.the style of
   5.electric slippers
   6.alarm clock
   7.light bulb
   8.microwave oven
9.错误的
10.最后
11.直到…才
12.偶然的,意外的
13.根据,按照
14.大学生
15. 在上大学
16.多于,超过
17.出生
18.与…相撞
19.飞盘
20.跌倒
21.自从那时
22.…的数目
23.the most helpful invention
24.an ancient Chinese legend
25.boil drinking water
26.over an open fire
27.fall into
28.a pleasant smell
29.in this way
30.writing test
31.in the sixth century
32.divide…into
33.the aim of
34.a metal hoop
35.one end of…
36.It’s believed that…
      It’s said that…
      It’s reported that…
37.an Olympic event
38.be used for doing
39. take an active part in
40. hang from
41. in the 1950s
Step 4.句型
 1. When was the car invented?
              It was invented in 1885.
 2. Who were they invented by ?
              They were invented by Julie.
 3. What are they used for ?
              They’re used for seeing in the dark.
Step 5.    知识点      1. develop 使发展,使成长 ,使发达   
       development      n.
       developing  country    发展中国家    
       developed   country    发达国家
             e.g. China is a developing country.
                     America is a developed country.
2. 辨析in the end / at the end of / be the end of
接时间, 表“在…结束时”
❶at the end of                反:at the beginning of
                                接地点, 表“在…的尽头”
          e.g. We will have an exam at the end of the month.
                  You’ll find a store at the end of the street.
❷in the end , 不与of 连用,表“最后,终于”
         = at last / finally
                   e.g. In the end , we decided to go shopping.
❸by the end of   表“到…为止,到…时候”
                e.g. We had learned 2000English words by the end of last year.
Step 6. 语法点        被动语态
   1.定义:在英语中,语态是动词的一种形式,表示主语和谓语的关系。英语动词有两种语态:
    主动语态       表示主语是动作的执行者
    被动语态      表示主语是动作的承受者
          e.g.  Many people speak English.
                   English is spoken by many people.
2. 英,汉在表达被动方式上的差异。
        ❶汉语表达被动语态非常简单,用“被”,“受”等词来表示,比如,“被打,被捕……”
         ❷而英语的表达方式:
          “be动词+V.过分 ”
       (be动词有人称,数和 时态的变化)
3. 被动语态的构成
               “ be动词 +  V.过分 ”
翻译练习:
 1. History is made by the people.
 2. These new cars were made in Tianjin in 2003.
 3. The problem will be discussed tomorrow.
 4. A new road is being built.
 5. The roads were being widened.
 6. The door has been repaired.
 7.  He said that the work had been finished.
 8.  He said that the trees would be planted.
4. 被动语态的用法:
   ❶不知道动作的执行者是谁
    ❷没有必要或者不想说出谁是动作的执行者
    ❸强调或突出动作的承受者时
(1)不知道动作的执行者是谁
   ❶ Tom昨天被撞了。
        Tom was hit yesterday.
   ❷ 这件夹克是用羊毛做的。
         This jacket is made of cotton.
(2)没有必要或者不想说出谁是动作的执行者
    ❶汽车发明于1885年。
       Cars were invented in 1885.
    ❷每年成千上万的树被种植。
         Thousands of trees are planted every year.
(3)强调或突出动作的承受者时
        ❶他当选了。
             He was chosen.
         ❷她昨天被要求唱一首歌。
    She was asked to sing a song yesterday.
5. 主动语态变被动语态的方法:
主动语态:                +                         +
被动语态:               +                   +           +
Many  people  speak  English.
The students clean the classroom every  day.
Our college will send her to Harvard .
The teacher is telling Snow White now .
They had built ten bridges by 2000 .
The lifesaver has saved more than ten lives. .
Mother said she would punish the boy .
I have asked Tom the question .
Tom             间接宾语
the question            直接宾语
6. 情态动词的被动语态:
  主语+情态动词+be动词+V.过分
 ❶We can change water into ice.
      Water can be changed into ice.
 ❷You must hand in your homework on time.
    Your homework must be handed in on time.
7. 被动语态的习惯用法:
   ❶It’s said that …    据说
   ❷It’s reported that…   据报道
   ❸It’s believed that…   据认为
   ❹It’s well known that… 众所周知
1. It is said in the newspaper that 215 new schools _____in Zhenzhou by 2020.
    A. are building                      B. were built
    C. have built                         D. will be built
2.- Why did you leave your city last year ?
   - Because I _____ a new job in another city.
     A. offered         B. am offered       C. was offered
3. Waste paper shouldn’t ______everywhere . It’s our duty to keep our city clean.
     A. be thrown                          B. throw
     C. is thrown                           D. are thrown
4. The new library building _____ now.
    A. built                             B. was built
    C. is built                         D. is being built
5. Don’t put off today’s work for tomorrow . I mean ,today’s work _____today.
    A. may do                        B. must do
    C. may be done              D. must be done
6. The car _____Mr. Li.
   A. belongs                   B. belongs to
   C. is belonged             D. is belonged to
9. 特别注意:
   ❶make sb. do sth. 变被动to要补上
     e.g. Our parents make us study hard.
              _______________________________.
❷有些动词主动形式可以表被动。
     be worth doing sth.
          e.g. This book is well worth reading.
     need doing sth. = need to be done
          e.g. The door needs repairing.
Unit10
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
   1.take a shower
   2.get in the shower
   3.run  off
   4.come  by
   5.give  sb.  a ride
   6.make  it
   7.break  down
8.起床
9.到…时候
10.把…落在家里
11.迟到
12.响起
13.醒来
14.等待
15.及时
16.准时
17.到达
18.穿衣
19.出席,露面
20.熬夜
21. 邀请某人做某事
22.化装舞会
23.某人发生了…
24.在愚人节
25.一个广播节目
26.着陆,降落
27.引起,激起
28.卖光
29.结婚
30.一个美满的结局
31.一张纸
32.电视节目
33.一个小时后
34.make dinner
35.listen to the radio
36.for free
37.experience a different culture
38.the Yellow River
39.sound like
40.heavy traffic
41.work with sb.
42.fix up
43.write down
Step 4.句型
1. What happened ?
      I overslept. By the time I got up ,my brother  had  already  left.
2. What happened to you on April Fool’s Day ?
     When I got to school , I realized I had left my backpack at home.
Step 5.    语法点         过去完成时
    1. 定义:表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作,即以过去为参照物,表过去的过去。
2. 构成:
       “ 主语 + had  + V.过分 ”
e.g.  By the time I got up ,my mother  had  already  left.
3. 用法:  (注意找参照物)
      ❶常与by the time ,  by then ,  by +过去时间点
, by the end of … 等连用。
e.g.  She ____________(finish ) reading the book by 12 o’clock yesterday.
        We ____________(learn ) over two thousands English words by the end of last term.
❷也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来表明时间的先后关系
    e.g.  When the police arrived , the thief ________ (run) off.
 When she got home, her children________(sleep).
Before she came to China ,she _____(teach)English for five years.
      After I had finished my work , I left.
③还可以通过宾语从句(间接引语)或通过上下文暗示。
       e.g.
He told me his homework__________(finish).
He said he __________(see) that film.
They asked me if I_______ (be)to Shanghai.
        I met Tom in the street yesterday. We_________(see ) each other since he went to Beijing.
4. 与现在完成时,过去时的区别。
现在完成时       以现在的时间为参照物
过去完成时       以过去的时间为参照物
  过去时             只表示过去内发生的事
   e.g. I have known her for 5 years.
   I had known her when I was a student.
   I knew him.
练习:
   1.When we got to the hospital ,Mary_____
There.
   A. has left                           B. had left
   C. leaves                             D. left
  2.When I heard the news , he _____for one year.
  A. was dead                      B. has died
  C. has been dead             D. had been dead
3.I still don’t know what_____ while I was away from home.
  A. had happened               B. was happened
  C. has happened               D. happened
4. He told me that he _____ a cold for three days.
 A. has       B. have      C. had caught      D. had had
5. –When ____your brother _____back ?
    - About half an hour ago.
 A. did ,come                  B. had ,come
 C. do , come                  D. have ,come
6. I realized that I _______(leave)my book at home.
7. We ________(reach)the station before the rain stopped.
8. When I got there , he ________(play)tennis for half an hour.
9. He said he ______ never ______ (see)such an exciting film before.
10. By the time she was five ,she ______(learn)ten English songs.
11 When he came in ,I ____just _______(finish)my
homework.
Unit 11
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
1.make a telephone call
2.take the elevator/escalator to…
3.turn left / right
4.on the second floor
5.next to
6.after school
7.a lot of
8.decide to do sth.
9.与某人谈论关于…
10.闲逛
11.稍微,有点儿
12.经过
13.当然
14.度假
15.装扮成小丑
16.上舞蹈课
17.把…放在…里
18.提出请求
19.请求,要求
20.改变方式
21.依靠,取决于
22.和某人说话
23.such as
24.lead into
25.in a way
26.in order (not)to do sth.
27.as …as…
28.be better at
29. offend sb. by/with/at sth.
30.stay out late
31.hand in
32. lend sb. sth.
 =  lend sth.to sb.
Step 4.句型(How to ask for information politely )
 1. Excuse me. Where is the nearest hospital ?
    Go down this street . It’s at the end of the street.
 2. Could you tell me where I can buy some shampoo ?
      Yes. There is a drugstore on the second floor.
 3. Could you please tell me how to get to the post office ?
 4. Can you tell me where Center Street is ?
Step 5.    知识点   
 1.    restroom          休息室 ,公共厕所
        bathroom         浴室 
        bedroom          卧室 
        classroom        教室 
        reading room   阅览室
        waiting room    等候室 
        living room       客厅
        sickroom          病房 
        fitting room      试衣间
2. department (行政,企业等机构的)部,局,部门 ,系
       department store      百货商店    
      English department   英语系   
      the sales department   销售部门  
      the State Department   国务院
3. fresh  新鲜的 ,清新的
   fresh air                               新鲜空气
  fresh fruit and vegetables   新鲜的水果蔬菜
  fresh flowers                         鲜花
  That fish is not fresh.           那条鱼不新鲜
   fresh water                           淡水
   He is a fresh hand .     他是一个新手/生手。
4.  dress 的用法:
          ❶ dress sb. / oneself 
         ❷ get dressed / be dressed in + 衣服或颜色
                   ❸ dress up  穿上盛装,装扮  
                                       e.g. She likes dressing up.
                     ❹ dress up as sb. 打扮成某人
                               e.g.  He dressed up as a clown.
                   ❺ dress sb. up 给某人打扮   
                               e.g.  He dressed the children up. 
                   ❻ dress up in sth. 穿上某物
                               e.g.  People dress up in costumes
                                       and go to parties.
5. trouble 的短语:
  be in trouble           处于困境,麻烦
  have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难
  ask for trouble       自找麻烦
  get into trouble       陷入困境
  get out of trouble   摆脱困境
6. hand in 交上,提交,呈送
        e.g. Why didn’t you hand in your homework ?
    hand out 分发
        Please hand out the exam papers to others.
    hand on  转交 
        Please hand on the book to Tom.
    hand down 把…传递下来
         Our ancestor will hand it down from
         generation to generation.
7.  英美楼层表达差异
Step 5. 语法点     宾语从句
1. 定义:在复合句中用作宾语的从句。
    e.g.  I  know  you.
I  know  who  you  are.
2. 结构:
  “主句 + 引导词 + 宾语从句”
❶that 引导的
         我觉得你非常聪明。
        I think (that) you are very clever.
          我希望你身体健康。
        I hope (that) you are in good health.
          我相信你们总有一天都会成功的。
        I believe (that) all of you will be successful one day.
I hear (that) _______________________.
                          (一小时后他会回来)
He said (that) ______________________.
                          (他非常想念我们)
The teacher told us (that) ________________
                                        (地球围着太阳转)
❷ if / whether 引导的
    我想知道她是否正在写作业。
     I want to know if /whether she is doing her homework.
     你能告诉我你是否去过北京吗?
   Could you tell me if /whether you have been to Beijing ?
whether / if 的区别
❸特殊疑问词引导的(who ,what ,which ,where ,why , when, how)              
                      who you are.
                         where you are from.
                            what  your favorite subject is .
I don’t know
                            whose book this is .
                          when it will snow.
                             why you are so lazy.
                             how I can get to post office.
1. Can you tell me _________________ ?
                           (你为什么迟到了)
2. Do you know_________________________?
                                 (他是谁吗)
3. Please tell me__________________________?
                          (我们将什么时候去武汉)
4. Can you tell me _______________?
                                    (他在哪儿)
5. Could you tell me ______________________?
                                   (我该怎么去火车站)
6. He asked __________________________.
                               (谁能回答这个问题)
4. 宾语从句的语序:
      陈述语序 = 主语 + 谓语
e.g.  This  is  a  book .
Is    this     a  book ?
Who  are   you  ?
I don’t know who you are .
What  do  you  like  ?
        Can you tell me ___________?
Where  is  the  restroom ?
  Could you please tell me__________?
5. 宾语从句的时态:
     ❶当主句是一般现在时,宾语从句的时态不作限制,我们可以根据句子的意思来使用需要的任何一种时态。
    e.g
                            Tom has been to Beijing twice .
                            she will come tomorrow .
I hear ( that )
                            Jim went to work an hour ago .
                            he is interested in English .
❷当主句是一般过去时的时候,宾语从句必须运用相应的过去的某一种时态,从而达到主句和从句的相互一致。
   e.g
                                 he would go to Xi’an .
                                 he was ill yesterday .
He said ( that )
                                 he was reading a book .
                                 he had had supper already .
❸当宾语从句说明的是客观存在的事实或者是客观存在的真理时,就不用受到主句时态的限制,仍是用一般现在时态。
e.g.   He said that the sun is much bigger than the moon .
      The teacher told the students that the sun rises in the east.
       The teacher told us that the light travels faster than the sound.
6.宾语从句的标点符号:
    宾语从句末尾的标点符号由主句决定,不受从句的限制。如果主句是陈述句或者是祈使句时用句号;而主句是疑问句时,句末则用问号。
  I don’t know where Li Ping is .
   Do you know where Li Ping is ?
   He asked me if / whether I could help him.
  Could you tell me how I can go the No.28 Middle School ?
7. 宾语从句的转换
    有些宾语从句可以转换成“疑问词+不定式”的结构。
   e.g.  I don’t  know  what  I should do .
            I don’t  know  what  to  do .       
     Could you please tell me how I can get to the post office ?
        Could you please tell me how to get to the post office ?
8. 宾语从句的否定转移
 当主句主语是I /we 第一人称时,谓语动词是 think , expect , believe , guess , imagine , suppose 等表示“认为,猜想”的词时,一般要把宾语从句中的否定式转移到主句中。
  e.g. I think you are not  right .      
         I don’t think you are right.     
         I believe you can’t  pass the exam.
         I don’t believe you can pass the exam.
中考链接一:考查引导宾语从句的连接词
1. There’s a red car parking in our neighborhood.
     Do you know ___   it is?         (2007重庆)
     A . What       B .who       C. Whose       D .whom
 2.I’m wondering____ Liu Xiang will have time   to ______ the meeting.     (2007江苏镇江) 
     A.  whether , attend             B. that , attend
     C.  whether,  appear            D. that , appear
 3.—Can you tell me ____ it is from here to the Summer Palace?
 —Let me see . It’s about fifteen minutes’ ride.(2006宜昌)
      A .how long                  B. How soon 
      C. how far                     D. how much
中考链接二:考查宾语从句的时态
 1.—Where is Tom? Do you know?      (2007济南)
     ---I think he_____ to the library.
      A. has gone    B. goes     C. has been     D. went
 2. Tom said he ____ back in a week. (2007四川)
      A. will come    B. would come       C. come
 3. My father told me light ____ much faster than sound.
    A. is travelling          B. will travel
    C. traveled               D. travels
中考链接三:考查宾语从句的语序
1. I wonder ______ .(苏州中考)
        A. how much cost these shoes
        B. how much these shoes cost
        C. how much do these shoes cost 
        D. how much are these shoes cost
2. – Can you tell me______?
     - She is in the classroom.
         A. where Tom was.               B. where  is  Tom
         C. where was Tom                D. where Tom is
综合训练:(时态,连词,语序同时考查)
 1.-Could you tell me____?  (2011福州)
    -Sure. The day after tomorrow .
    A. when will you leave for the U.S.A.
    B. when Mr. Lee will come
    C. when your father returned
2. The policeman asked the small girl ____. (2011山东)
    A. why she was crying   
    B. why was she crying
    C. why she is crying
    D. why is she crying
小结:宾语从句三要素
                           that  (可省略)
  引导词    if /whether 
                  特殊疑问词(who , when…
   语   序         陈述语序(主+谓) 
                        主句一般现在时      具体情况分析
     时态    主语一般过去时      相应的过去时态
                        客观真理/事实         一般现在时
Step 6  Retell the reading P92
   Could you please lend me your pen ?
      询问信息或帮助是一个非常常见和必要的活动,尤其当我们参观一个外国国家时。So knowing how to ask for information politely is important. 在英语,“洗手间在哪?”and “请你告诉我洗手间在哪?”are similar requests—both are correct English , 但第一句可能听起来粗鲁的。
It’s important  to use correct language ,but sometimes this alone is not enough—我们需要学习怎么是礼貌的当我们提出请求时。
        在英语,正如在中文,we change the way we speak when talking with different people. The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them. 如果你是对你的老师说,“我的书在哪?”这将听起来粗鲁的,但是如果你说,“打扰一下,你知道我的书在哪吗?”your question will sound much more polite.
另一方面,it might be alright to say “where is my book?” in some situations ,perhaps with people you know well.
     And you would not usually say, “Peter , 借我你的钢笔.” A very direct order like this can sound rude in English . 通常在英语礼貌的问题会更长些 and include extra language 例如 “Could you please…?” or “Can I ask …”It sounds more polite to say , “Peter, 请你借你的钢笔给我?”
Sometimes we might even need to spend some time leading in a question or request.比如, if you stop a stranger in the street , 我们可能首先说,“打扰了,我想知道是否你能帮助我”or “ 我很抱歉麻烦你但是,”before asking them for help.
    It might seem that speaking politely is more difficult than being direct , and in a way this may true.然而,in order not to offend people ,学习有关语言礼仪正如学习语法和词汇一样重要,And doing this will also help you become better at English ,or other language you wish to say.
Unit 12
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
 1.be supposed to do sth.
 2.shake hands
 3.drop by
 4.on Chinese New Year
 5. go out of one’s way to do
 6.have online conversations with…
 7.two types of
 8.with best wishes
9.迟到
10.第一次
11.犯错误
12.一点儿
13.对某人很重要
14.尽可能多
15.生气
16.计划做某事
17.餐桌礼仪
18.世界各地
19.捡起
20.制造噪音
21.指向
22.沿着走
23.玩得开心
24.毕竟 终究
25.过去常常
26.开始
27.在周五的晚上
28.考虑
29.节省时间
30.看起来像
31.彼此
32.感到厌烦
33. 对某事随意、不严格 
34.回头见
35.做鬼脸
36.感到高兴
37. greet sb. = say hello to
38. make sb. feel at home
39. in particular
40. make a toast
41. a crowd of people
42. seek for  = look for
43. combine… with…
44. learn… by oneself
   = teach oneself
45.walk around
46.giving compliments
Step 4.句型
  1.  What are you supposed to do when you meet someone ?
    We’re supposed to shake hands.
  2. When were you supposed to arrive ?
    I was supposed to arrive at 7 o’clock.
Step 5.    知识点
1.  drop by 顺便(或偶然)来访 
            e.g. I just dropped by to see you.
     drop in 顺便来访
     drop in at + 某地   
           e.g.  I dropped in at your house yesterday.
     drop in on + 某人  
         e.g.  You can drop in on me at any time after leaving school.
.   come over 顺便来访
2. land 国家,国土,土地
①当“国家,国土”时,是可数名词
           e.g. He lived in many lands. 
②当“土地,陆地”时,是不可数名词
           e.g. He has a lot of land.
v. land on
3. point 指,指向 ,点,小数点,得分
       ❶ point to 指向 ,强调方向,说话人距目标物较远
             e.g. He pointed to the house on the other side of the river.
       ❷ point at 指着 ,说话人离目标物较近
                   e.g. It’s rude to point at anyone .
4. unfamiliar 不熟悉的,陌生的   
    familiar 熟悉的
 ❶be unfamiliar with 对…不熟悉 ,主语是人
      - be familiar with
                 e.g. I am unfamiliar with plants.
 ❷be unfamiliar to 对…生疏的,主语是物 
      -be familiar to
                 e.g. Plants are unfamiliar to me.
5. how…like = what …do you think of
练习:
    What do you think of soap opera ?
  _____ do you _____ soap opera ?
6. “情态动词+have done”
 ❶should have done sth. 本应该做某事,但是没有做
             e.g. You should have finished your homework.
 ❷shouldn’t  have done sth. 不该做而做了
             e.g. You shouldn’t have played computer games.
 ❸must have done sth. 一定已经做了
            e.g. I must have seen you before.
 ❹can’t / couldn’t have done sth. 不可能做过
             e.g. He can’t/couldn’t have finished his homework.
Unit 13
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
1.would like to do sth.
2.think of
3.would rather than
4.have fun with…
5.make food
6.learn from…
7.make sb. do sth.
8.look good /bad
9.尝起来很糟糕
10.赞成与反对
11.瞄准,针对,目的是
12.省钱
13.有时
14.一点也不
15.说实话
16.从…跳出去
17.努力学习
18.比较价格
19.一开始
20.没有人
21.毕竟
22.keep out
23.with the lowest price
24.have sales
25.early morning
26.home-made
27.feel embarrassed
28.move to
29.reason for…
30. endangered animals
31. keep sb. doing
32.be guilty about…
33. As the saying goes
Step 4.知识点
1. hard 的用法          soft
    ①坚硬的,坚固的    
                        e.g.  on a hard wooden floor
    ②困难的= difficult  
                        e.g. The problem is very hard.
                                    It’s hard to say.
    ③猛烈地= heavily         e.g. It’s raining hard.
    ④努力地,勤奋地        e.g. He works very hard.
hardly  几乎不
2. serve 服务,招待
     service     servant 仆人,佣人
❶serve sb.  为某人服务 
                e.g. Serve the people heart and soul.
❷serve sb. (with) sth. = serve sth. to sb. 
                     招待某人某物
  e.g. The host served me (with ) a delicious dinner.
     =  The hose served a delicious dinner to me.
3. make的用法
    ❶make  + sb./sth. + adj.
            e.g. Loud music makes me tense.
                         Waiting for her made me angry.
      ❷make + sb./sth. + do sth.
                   e.g. Sad music make her want to leave.
                 She was made to give up her job.
       ❸make + sb. + n.
                      e.g. Ross made Rachel  his wife.
       ❹make + sb. + V.过分
                         e.g.  I’ m afraid I can’t make myself understood.
❺make 的词组
make a noise    
make a plan
make a living
make a face
make a telephone
make a decision
make a sentence
make friends with sb.
make mistakes
make food
make money
make sure
make up
make it
make tea
make progress
make the bed
be made of
be made from
be made by
be made in
4. so that
  ❶so …that …     如此…以至于
      (结果状语从句)
        =too …to
        = not …enough to do
   e.g. The child is so young that he can’t go to school.
         = The child is  not old enough to go to school.
         = The child is too young to go to school.
❷so that    为了 ( 目的状语从句,后常接can , could , should和动词原形)
    =in order that
    =in order to do sth.
             e.g. I got up early so that I could catch the early bus.
Unit 14
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
 1.go on a beach vacation
 2.bathing suit
 3.water the plants
 4.travel guidebook
 5.clean out
 6.most of my jobs
 7.in a minute
 8.be ready
9.开始做某事
10.生火/ 劈柴
11.保重
12.获奖
13.原创歌曲
14.流行音乐
15.做家务
16.与…道别
17.还有什么别的
18.到目前为止
19.两星期的
20.中国文化
21.多亏了,由于
22.期望做某事
23.take…for a walk
24.make a music video
25.be on TV
26.have concerts
27.make a hit CD
28.be sure (not)to do sth.
29.go on a world tour
30.National Day concert
31.on the music scene
32.that is =that is to say
33.in search of
34.interesting sights
35.in the top ten
36.family tree
Step 4.句型
  1. Have you watered the plants yet ?
          Yes, I have. / No , I haven’t.
  2. Have you fed the cat ?
          Yes, I have already fed it.
          No, I haven’t fed it yet .
Step 5.    知识点
   1. 辨析already / yet
  already 已经       一般用于肯定句
  yet        已经         用于疑问句中
                还            用于否定句
       e.g. Have you finished your homework yet ?
                I have already finished my homework.
                I haven’t finished my homework yet.
3. one more thing
           more 表“又,再”
   数词+more +可数名词复数
 =another + 数词+名词复数
    e.g. I want two more apples.
        =I want another two apples.
4. feed    喂养,饲养
        fed  fed
  ❶feed …on + 食物    “用…喂养”
  ❷feed …to +喂养对象 “把…喂给”
  ❸feed on  “以…为生,以…为食”
            e.g. He fed sheep on grass.
                    He fed grass to sheep.
                    Sheep feed on grass.
Unit 15
Step1 .   读单词
Step2.    读课本
Step3.    词组
 1.how big
 2.in one’s life
 3.agree with
 4.care for
 5.take care of
 6.recycle books and paper
 7.in the spare time
 8.be suitable for sb. to do
 9.pull down
10.be endangered
11.be against doing sth.
12.raise money for
13.be proud of
14.be made from
15.urge sb. to do sth.
16.be like
17.used to
18.look out of
19.tell sb. to do sth.
交际用语:
1. I think that…                     我认为
2. I believe that…                  我确信
3. I feel that…                        我感觉
4. In my opinion…                  我的观点是
5. I agree / disagree with you.    我同意/不同意
6. I am against doing sth.           我反对做某事
7. It’s important to do sth.          做某事是重要的
 

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